Do Menstrual Cramps Bother You A Lot?

Do Menstrual Cramps Bother You A Lot?

Almost every woman who menstruates suffers from menstrual cramps or painful periods. For some, it is just a minor discomfort, but for others, it can be annoying and unbearable. The pain can be so severe that sometimes women end up missing their work or fun social activities. And the worst thing about menstrual cramps is that they happen every single month and make women suffer for a day or two.

Why do menstrual cramps occur?

Each month, the lining of the uterus known as endometrium builds up for the preparation of a possible pregnancy. If a pregnancy occurs, the fertilized egg gets attached to the lining to be nourished as it develops into a baby. If the egg is not fertilized, there is no need of lining and hence it breaks down and hormones called prostaglandins are released. These hormones trigger the muscles of the uterus to contract so that the lining is squeezed out; this is what causes the cramping. Some women may have higher levels of prostaglandins, which unfortunately worsen the severity of menstrual cramps.

What can be done to get relief from menstrual cramps?

As mentioned earlier, some women may feel the menstrual cramps as a minor discomfort and some women may suffer a lot. If you are one among the women who find menstrual cramps so annoying, you need not bear them silently thinking they are common and spend most of your time by lying on the bed. It is better to know how menstrual cramps can be avoided or lessen their severity instead of suffering. Here are some tips and home remedies which help to ease the pain in a natural way.

  • While suffering from menstrual cramps, applying a heating pad to the cramping areas of the stomach can relax the muscles and helps to get relieve the pain.
  • Foods which contain caffeine and salt may worsen the menstrual cramps. So avoid coffee, other caffeinated drinks, and salty foods.
  • A gentle massage on the abdomen can promote a smooth and even flow of blood. Hence, this can reduce the intensity of menstrual cramps.
  • Being well-hydrated can make liver functioning better, keeping the hormones balanced. Drinking plenty of water during periods can help to get relief from pain, as dehydration can intensify menstrual cramps.
  • Potassium deficiency can cause menstrual cramps. Taking foods which are rich in potassium such as bananas, prunes, leafy greens like spinach etc can reduce the cramps. Along with potassium, bananas are rich in vitamin K, which also balances the menstrual flow and reduces the pain.
  • Aloe Vera can also be used to reduce the cramps. It makes the flow of menstruation constant which helps to decrease the pressure in the uterus and the pain goes away. For this, you have to cut the Aloe Vera into pieces and apply the gel on the affected area.
  • Cinnamon is one of the best natural remedies for menstrual cramps. Consumption of cinnamon either in raw form or by adding a spice to food or tea can relieve you from menstrual cramps.
  • Establishing an exercise routine can avoid menstrual cramps. Exercise releases endorphins into our system, which will reduce the amount of pain we feel. Light exercises can ease menstrual cramps, while intense exercises can worsen the pain.
  • Basil is another very effective herb which helps in reducing menstrual pain and cramps. Add some basil leaves to a cup of boiling water and allow it to cool. Having this drink for every few hours can ease the cramps.

These tips are helpful to ease the menstrual cramps effectively. If anyone who can’t get relief from the pain even after trying these remedies, then there is a need to check with the doctor to rule out more serious health issues.

Don’t Let Heat Rash Suffer your kid

Don’t Let Heat Rash Suffer your kid

Every school going kid gets excited thinking about their summer vacation and they wish their holidays to be filled with a lot of fun. The hot and humid climate during summer increases the chance of suffering one or the other heat-related health issues, especially in kids. And one of the most common, irritating heat-related conditions is heat rashes; often known as prickly heat. Though heat rash is common in all age groups, it is mostly seen in kids.
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Does Iron Deficiency Make Your Child Anaemic?

Does Iron Deficiency Make Your Child Anaemic?

Most of the parents won’t care much about the blood unless they notice pale skin or pale lining of eyelids in their kids. But it is really important to get the children screened for regular blood tests which help to find any abnormalities at an early stage.

 As blood is the most important fluid in our bodies, abnormalities in the blood may lead to serious illness in children which affects their growth and development. But for now, let us know about a common health issue in children which is related to blood, known as “Anaemia”.

Anaemia is a health issue which results due to the lack of healthy red blood cells in our blood.  The main function of these cells is to carry oxygen to the tissues all through the body and carrying away the metabolic waste such as carbon dioxide. Red blood cells are produced inside the bones, in the bone marrow. The iron in our diet helps to make the red blood cells and the lack of iron lead to anaemia, which is termed as “Iron deficiency anaemia” in medical.

Causes of Anaemia:

                           As the name suggests, iron deficiency anaemia is caused due to the low iron level. Our body gets iron from the diet and the iron from old red blood cells is also reused. Children who don’t get enough iron from their diet are at higher risk to suffer from anaemia.

Symptoms of Anaemia:

The common symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia seen in children are listed below:

  • Pale skin, especially palms, nails and lining of eyelids.
  • Poor appetite
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Become short of breath
  • Irritability
  • Sore tongue
  • Brittle nails

Treatment for Anaemia:

                           Taking healthy diet is the most important way to prevent and treat iron deficiency. Including iron rich foods in children’s diet may help them to recover from anaemia. A list of foods which are a good source of iron is mentioned below:

  • Fortified breakfast cereals
  • Eggs
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Apricots
  • Raisins
  • Prunes
  • Peanut butter
  • Oatmeal

If your child is suffering from anaemia even after having a healthy diet, he/she might be prescribed for iron supplements by a pediatrician. It is suggested not to give your child iron supplements on your own without doctor’s advice. Always remember that the sufficient amount of iron is good for overall health and growth of the child, but too much of iron can cause poisoning.

Is Your Infant Safe From Food Allergies?

Is Your Infant Safe From Food Allergies?

             Mothers feel very excited while introducing solids to their babies for the first time. Besides excitement they are surrounded by many suggestions about how to feed and what to feed which throw most of the moms in dilemma.

When the baby is ready to have solids, mothers concentrate more on meeting up the nutritional requirements which aid baby’s healthy growth. But it is equally important to recognize the possible food allergies that may result in babies and what foods are most likely to cause allergies.

Food allergy is referred to an abnormal reaction by body’s immune system triggered by consumption of a specific food. Even a small amount of allergy causing food can result in food allergy which shows the symptoms right after eating or within couple of hours.  

Signs of food allergies:

The signs and symptoms of food allergies may vary from person to person. They can be mild or severe and can involve one part of the body and more than one part of the body in some cases. Some of the most common signs of food allergies include:

  • Hives
  • Skin rash
  • Vomiting or diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Redness and swelling of the face
  • Itching and swelling of lips, tongue or mouth.
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Sneezing
  • Runny or stuffy nose.
  • Fainting

How to avoid food allergies in babies:

            Most of the kids could be allergic to any food, but the common allergens may include milk, eggs, peanuts, fish, wheat and nuts such as walnuts, cashews. A baby can be protected from food allergy just by eliminating a particular food from his diet which causes allergy.

But many can get a doubt that how can a food allergy can be avoided if the baby has just started his solid foods? Then here is an answer which clears all your doubts. Follow these thumb rules, to keep food allergies at a bay from your child.

  • When a baby has started to have solids, feed him with a small quantity which should be not more than two teaspoons.
  • Introduce a new food at least four days apart. This gives you enough time to observe the allergic reactions if any and it could be difficult to find which food is the reason for the allergy if different foods are introduced at a time.
  • Introduce fruits, veggies and homemade foods rather than packaged foods. This will help kids to likely develop less food allergies.

Once a child has an allergic reaction, it can happen again and it might be more severe than the first time. So, it is better to consult a doctor who provides you an action plan for managing the allergic reaction when it might happen for the next time. 

Does pelvic pain bother you very often?

Does pelvic pain bother you very often?

           Pelvic pain is one among the health issues which cannot be discussed openly by women. They can bear the pain with great patience but aren’t ready to complaint about it. The pelvic pain can begin suddenly or be steady and it can be mild or severe. If it is bothering you very often which disturbs your daily activities, it is time to evaluate about the cause and treat immediately.

The pelvis is the lowest part of a woman’s abdomen. Organs in the pelvis include bowel, bladder, womb and ovaries. Pelvic pain generally means pain that starts from one of these organs. In some cases the pain comes from pelvic bones that lie next to these organs, or from nearby muscles, nerves, blood vessels or joints.

Depending on the source, pelvic pain can be best described as

  • Beginning suddenly
  • Recurrent
  • Different from usual menstrual cramps
  • Dull or achy
  • Itching or burning around genitals, buttocks or inner thighs
  • Sharp or crampy
  • It can be mild or moderate or severe.

Pelvic pain can sometimes radiate to your lower back, buttocks or thighs. In some cases, women might suffer from pelvic pain only at certain times such as when they urinate or during sexual activity.

Causes of Pelvic Pain:

Pelvic pain can be acute or chronic. Acute means that it is the first time you have had this type of pain. Chronic means that pain has been a problem for a long time i.e. more than six months. Some of the important causes of pelvic pain include:

  • Adenomyosis
  • Endometriosis
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Uterine fibroids

Treatment for Pelvic Pain:

          The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. The treatment for pelvic pain is based on the cause behind it. If the cause of pelvic pain is not identified, treatment will focus on managing the pain and other symptoms. The optimal approach involves a combination of treatments, which may include:

Is your kid suffering from cold or CROUP?

Is your kid suffering from cold or CROUP?

Croup is an upper airway infection marked by difficulty in breathing and barking cough.

            Croup is a common respiratory infection commonly seen in young children. Croup is usually caused by a virus, and marked by inflammation of upper airways including the larynx (voice box) and trachea (wind pipe). The swelling in the windpipe interferes with normal breathing and causes a characteristic of barking cough.


            Croup is contagious. It usually occurs a few days after the start of a cold and is generally caused by the same viruses which cause common cold. A child may contract a virus by breathing infected respiratory droplets coughed or sneezed in to the air. The viruses in these droplets may also survive on toys and other surfaces. If the child touches a contaminated surface and then touches her or his eyes, nose or mouth, the infection may follow.

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Does Your Child have Developmental Delay?

Does Your Child have Developmental Delay?

As parents watch their child grow and anticipate his/her milestones, it is very common to wonder and even worry about whether his development is on track or not. Though every child develops at his or her own pace, it is important for parents to notice that their child reaches his developmental milestones such as rolling over, sitting, walking and talking around the expected age. When a child couldn’t reach his developmental milestones around the expected age it could be a sign of developmental delay.

What is a developmental delay?

The term developmental delay is simply the delay in a child’s development, which refers to when a child does not achieve his developmental milestones within the broad range of what is considered normal. The developmental delay can be in one or more areas. There are different types of developmental delays in infants and young children which include:

Communication and language skills –  understanding and speaking

Gross Motor Skills – Actions that involve using of arms, legs or entire body like crawling, running and jumping.

Social and Emotional skills – Ability to relate to other people, making eye contact.

Visual Motor Skills – Ability to find the difference between alphabets.

What causes a developmental delay?

The specific cause of developmental delay is unknown. But it can have many different causes such as genetic defect like Down syndrome, complications during pregnancy or at the time of birth such as prematurity or infections.

How a developmental delay is diagnosed?

No one can know better about a child than his parents. So it important for parents to keep track of all their child’s activities and consult a healthcare professional if concerned about their child’s development. Usually a developmental delay is diagnosed after a child’s health and development are assessed by a pediatric specialist.

Treatment for children with developmental delay:

Children with developmental delay take longer to develop new skills and may learn in slightly different ways. They need to be shown skills in smaller and simpler steps and need more opportunities to practise. According to the type of developmental delay seen in children, the following therapies might be able to help to treat it:

  • Speech and language therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Behaviour therapies





Benefits of Completing Mazes for Your Child

Benefits of Completing Mazes for Your Child

Mazes provide lots of fun and many children love to solve them. Mazes set sufficient challenges for children. But besides this, a child can gain many benefits from solving mazes. Some of the key benefits of completing mazes for your children are:

• Develops visual motor skills
• Improves fine Motor skills
• Enhances problem solving abilities
• Increases concentration abilities


Importance of Prenatal Care During Pregnancy

Importance of Prenatal Care During Pregnancy

Prenatal care is the health care a woman gets when she is pregnant. Women who suspect they may be pregnant should schedule a visit to their doctor to begin prenatal care. During prenatal care, your doctor may schedule many checkups over the course of your pregnancy. It is advised not to skip any of the checkups during your prenatal care.

What happens during prenatal visits?

During the first prenatal visit, a pregnant woman can expect her doctor to:

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Cerebral Palsy in Children

Cerebral Palsy in Children

Cerebral palsy is a neurological disorder seen in children which affects their ability to control their muscles and movements. Cerebral palsy is usually caused due to the damage which occurs to the child’s brain during its development. The brain damage can be caused by the brain injury or abnormal development of the brain while it is still developing before birth, during birth or immediately after the birth.

Causes of Cerebral Palsy:

            The cause of cerebral palsy cannot be known exactly. But since it is due to the brain damage or a problem with the development in the parts of the brain which control the muscle movements, some of the reasons for brain damage which causes cerebral palsy are listed below:

  • Premature birth of child in which brain isn’t fully developed
  • Exposure of mother to certain viruses during pregnancy
  • Improper development of child’s brain during pregnancy
  • Lack of oxygen supply to the baby’s brain during delivery
  • A disruption of blood supply to the developing brain during pregnancy which is referred as fetal stroke.
  • Infant infections that leads to inflammation in or around the brain
  • A head injury to an infant or during the early years of childhood.

Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy:

            The signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy can vary greatly from child to child. The two main symptoms are lack of motor skills (which is the ability to move in a coordinated and proper way) and neurological problems. Children with cerebral palsy can exhibit signs during their infancy or preschool years. The symptoms of cerebral palsy usually seen in many children may include:

  • Lack of muscle coordination
  • Excessive drooling and difficulty in swallowing
  • Seizures
  • Variations in muscle tone i.e. either too stiff or too floppy
  • Delays in reaching motor skills milestones and speech development
  • Difficulty with vision and hearing
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Urinary incontinence

Every child with cerebral palsy is unique and has different disabilities related to neurological development and muscle coordination. One child may have total paralysis and require constant care, while the other has partial disability. Cerebral palsy is considered as the non-life threatening condition as it will not improve or worse during the lifetime. But the associated conditions may worsen over time if left untreated.

Risks and Complications:

            Certain infections or other health problems during pregnancy can significantly increase the risk of baby to get cerebral palsy. Some of the factors associated with an increased risk of cerebral palsy are:

  • During pregnancy if the mother experiences certain contagious infections such as chickenpox, herpes, zika virus infection, baby can develop cerebral palsy.
  • Infants or newborns with jaundice and viral infections which causes inflammation in or around the brain are at higher risk to develop cerebral palsy.
  • Different conditions during pregnancy such as multiple babies, low birth weight, premature birth and complicated delivery can have increased risk for cerebral palsy.

The associated disabilities with cerebral palsy will greatly contribute to number of other complications during childhood or later during adulthood. Some of complications may include:

  • As children with cerebral palsy have difficulty in swallowing, it is difficult to meet the daily nutrition requirement which results in malnutrition.
  • Eye muscle imbalance which affects visual fixation and tracking.
  • Abnormal alignment of joints from muscle may lead to osteoarthritis.
  • Facing challenges of coping with disabilities may result in mental depression.


            Usually doctors diagnose children with cerebral palsy by observing their disabilities. But they would recommend taking Brain scans such as MRI and cranial ultrasound which helps to get the images of brain. If a child has seizures, the doctor may order an EEG to determine if he or she has epilepsy. Some additional tests are also done to identify other impairments and developmental delays.


The disabilities caused by cerebral palsy are manageable and can be treated by certain therapies, surgeries and medications for a great extent. Hence, the early detection and treatment of symptoms which represents cerebral palsy enhances the quality of life.