Tag: best childrens hospital in hyderabad

Don’t Let Heat Rash Suffer your kid

Don’t Let Heat Rash Suffer your kid

Every school going kid gets excited thinking about their summer vacation and they wish their holidays to be filled with a lot of fun. The hot and humid climate during summer increases the chance of suffering one or the other heat-related health issues, especially in kids. And one of the most common, irritating heat-related conditions is heat rashes; often known as prickly heat. Though heat rash is common in all age groups, it is mostly seen in kids.
To know how to avoid heat rash and treat if they occur,
click here: https://goo.gl/Pgyo4B

 

Does Iron Deficiency Make Your Child Anaemic?

Does Iron Deficiency Make Your Child Anaemic?

Most of the parents won’t care much about the blood unless they notice pale skin or pale lining of eyelids in their kids. But it is really important to get the children screened for regular blood tests which help to find any abnormalities at an early stage.

 As blood is the most important fluid in our bodies, abnormalities in the blood may lead to serious illness in children which affects their growth and development. But for now, let us know about a common health issue in children which is related to blood, known as “Anaemia”.

Anaemia is a health issue which results due to the lack of healthy red blood cells in our blood.  The main function of these cells is to carry oxygen to the tissues all through the body and carrying away the metabolic waste such as carbon dioxide. Red blood cells are produced inside the bones, in the bone marrow. The iron in our diet helps to make the red blood cells and the lack of iron lead to anaemia, which is termed as “Iron deficiency anaemia” in medical.

Causes of Anaemia:

                           As the name suggests, iron deficiency anaemia is caused due to the low iron level. Our body gets iron from the diet and the iron from old red blood cells is also reused. Children who don’t get enough iron from their diet are at higher risk to suffer from anaemia.

Symptoms of Anaemia:

The common symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia seen in children are listed below:

  • Pale skin, especially palms, nails and lining of eyelids.
  • Poor appetite
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Become short of breath
  • Irritability
  • Sore tongue
  • Brittle nails

Treatment for Anaemia:

                           Taking healthy diet is the most important way to prevent and treat iron deficiency. Including iron rich foods in children’s diet may help them to recover from anaemia. A list of foods which are a good source of iron is mentioned below:

  • Fortified breakfast cereals
  • Eggs
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Apricots
  • Raisins
  • Prunes
  • Peanut butter
  • Oatmeal

If your child is suffering from anaemia even after having a healthy diet, he/she might be prescribed for iron supplements by a pediatrician. It is suggested not to give your child iron supplements on your own without doctor’s advice. Always remember that the sufficient amount of iron is good for overall health and growth of the child, but too much of iron can cause poisoning.

Does Your Child have Developmental Delay?

Does Your Child have Developmental Delay?

As parents watch their child grow and anticipate his/her milestones, it is very common to wonder and even worry about whether his development is on track or not. Though every child develops at his or her own pace, it is important for parents to notice that their child reaches his developmental milestones such as rolling over, sitting, walking and talking around the expected age. When a child couldn’t reach his developmental milestones around the expected age it could be a sign of developmental delay.

What is a developmental delay?

The term developmental delay is simply the delay in a child’s development, which refers to when a child does not achieve his developmental milestones within the broad range of what is considered normal. The developmental delay can be in one or more areas. There are different types of developmental delays in infants and young children which include:

Communication and language skills –  understanding and speaking

Gross Motor Skills – Actions that involve using of arms, legs or entire body like crawling, running and jumping.

Social and Emotional skills – Ability to relate to other people, making eye contact.

Visual Motor Skills – Ability to find the difference between alphabets.

What causes a developmental delay?

The specific cause of developmental delay is unknown. But it can have many different causes such as genetic defect like Down syndrome, complications during pregnancy or at the time of birth such as prematurity or infections.

How a developmental delay is diagnosed?

No one can know better about a child than his parents. So it important for parents to keep track of all their child’s activities and consult a healthcare professional if concerned about their child’s development. Usually a developmental delay is diagnosed after a child’s health and development are assessed by a pediatric specialist.

Treatment for children with developmental delay:

Children with developmental delay take longer to develop new skills and may learn in slightly different ways. They need to be shown skills in smaller and simpler steps and need more opportunities to practise. According to the type of developmental delay seen in children, the following therapies might be able to help to treat it:

  • Speech and language therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapy
  • Behaviour therapies

 

 

 

 

Do’s & Don’ts of Introducing Solids to Your Baby

Do’s & Don’ts of Introducing Solids to Your Baby

Most of the moms are confused while introducing babies to their first foods. One of the things that concern most mothers is how to properly feed their children right from the time of introducing solids. Introduction of solids to babies is also called as complementary feeding, as it is mandatory to feed them with breast milk or formula feed which should be the primary source of food till they are one year old. The solids must be an additional source of nutrients.

Feeding an infant shouldn’t be a stressful situation. To help out the new mothers, here are some do’s and don’ts while feeding their babies

DO’s:

  • Do check with your pediatrician before starting solids to your baby.
  • Look for the physical signs such as sitting up with limited support, have good neck strength and ability to chew the food.
  • Introduce one food at a time in small quantity i.e. about one to two teaspoons and gradually increase the quantity over time.
  • When solids are introduced before your baby turns 6 months, make sure they are pureed. Later introduce different kinds of textures such as minced, mashed or shredded food which helps the baby in transitioning to eat regular food.
  • Make sure to provide necessary nutrition for your baby to aid healthy growth.

DON’TS:

  • Don’t introduce two new foods at a time; maintain a gap of three to four days between introduction of each food. By following this tip it is easier to figure out any possible reactions like diarrhea, vomiting or rashes.
  • Don’t stop breast-feeding or formula-feeding just because you are working on the introduction of solids. Breast milk or formula feed must be a main source of nutrition and calories.
  • Don’t add honey, salt or sugar into the baby food just to make your baby like that food.
  • If your baby doesn’t show interest or rejects while being introduced to a new food, don’t force them to eat. Try again and again by maintaining a gap of few days.
  • Don’t distract your baby during the mealtime. Turn off the TV or music, and keep away the toys while feeding.

It is very important to be patient while feeding your baby. Don’t get frustrated when your baby does not accept the food you have introduced to him. Remember that the every food you are introducing to your baby has never crossed his lips before and he has to get used for its new texture and flavour.

Treating Headaches in Children

Treating Headaches in Children

Most of us think that headaches are just an adult problem, but they are very common in children and teens. The types of headaches in children are same as adults do. Main reason behind the headaches in children is because of an illness, infection, fever, or cold. But other triggers include stress, anxiety, depression, change in sleep patterns, loud noises and some foods.

Types of Headaches:

Based on the reasons of their occurrence, headaches are of many types. The severity of headaches can range from mild to severe and affects people in different ways.

Some types of headache which are most common include:

  • Tension: These headaches are caused by the contracting of muscles around head and neck. The main cause of this type of headache is stress at school or home, arguments with parents or friends and depression.
  • Migraine: Migraine can make people dizzy. Often, migraine headaches are associated with nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances.
  • Psychogenic: These types of headaches are less common and similar to tension headaches. The main cause is an emotional problem such as depression. Signs of depression include low energy levels, loss of appetite or overeating, difficulty in thinking and concentrating and sleep disorders.

How Headaches Are Diagnosed In Children & Adolescents:

        It is very important to note the symptoms and characteristics as completely as possible so the headaches can be properly diagnosed and treated successfully. The important points which need to be noted are as follows:

  • When the headache started and how long it lasted.
  • How often the headache occurs.
  • The range of severity (mild to very severe.)
  • Cause of the headache such as certain situations, foods, medications or some physical activities.
  • Anything that helped it to go away.
  • Family history.
  • Where the pain is located.

Treatment of Headaches:

          The proper treatment will depend on several factors such as type and frequency of headache, its cause and age of the children. Some of the tips by which a child can get relief from headache are as follows:

  • Applying a cold compressor to head.
  • Don’t skip meals, especially breakfast.
  • Seek rest in cool, quiet and comfortable location.
  • Avoiding activities which trigger headaches.
  • Practicing deep breathing exercises.

The above are the ways which can be tried at home for temporary relief from headaches, but can’t help always if the frequency and severity is high.

What Makes a Pregnancy End in Miscarriage?

What Makes a Pregnancy End in Miscarriage?

Miscarriage or pregnancy loss is the topic a woman never wants to hear when she is pregnant. But, unfortunately most pregnancies end in miscarriage. In general, a miscarriage is defined as spontaneous abortion which is the unexpected end of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. The most common type of miscarriage is the spontaneous pregnancy loss and it cannot be prevented.

Signs of Miscarriage:

          Some women don’t experience any symptoms of miscarriage at all; but the most common and possible signs and symptoms of miscarriage are as follows:

  • Back pain
  • Mild to severe cramps
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness.
  • Heavy bleeding possibly with clots or tissue; similar to a period.
  • A negative pregnancy test after a positive one.

Causes of Miscarriage:

          Although it is very common that a woman blames herself when she has a miscarriage, it’s so important not to do so. Miscarriage is most commonly caused due to the genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo i.e., the embryo do not develop as it should. The other risk factors which could be a cause of miscarriage are mentioned below:

  • History of recurrent pregnancy loss.
  • Chronic illness such as diabetes or thyroid disease.
  • Advanced maternal age i.e., over 35
  • Deficiencies of vitamin D and Vitamin B and high levels of vitamin A.
  • Excess consumption of alcohol.
  • Physical problems such as cervical inefficiency which means weakness of the cervix that cannot hold the pregnancy.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to stop a miscarriage from happening once it is started; it is crucial to consult a gynecologist and treated to prevent infection.

Is Your Baby Dehydrated?

Is Your Baby Dehydrated?

Babies’ tummies are tiny and can reserve less fluids in their bodies when compared to elder children and adults. Till 6 months, babies get all the fluids they need through their regular feedings by breast milk or formula. But if they are exposed to high temperatures or loses fluids through fever, vomiting, diarrhea or sweating, they quickly become dehydrated.

Once babies are introduced to solid foods, small amounts of liquids will start to come from other sources such as juices, fruits, vegetables and sips of water. As the amount of breast milk intake decreases, make sure to keep your baby hydrated by giving plenty of fluids.

Signs of Dehydration:

          If your baby has fever, diarrhea, or vomiting, you should watch carefully for the signs of dehydration which include:

  • Dry skin
  • Cracked lips
  • Few or no tears while crying
  • Sunken eyes
  • Less urinary output

How to Treat Dehydration in Babies:

        Treating dehydration is to replace fluids to restore levels of body fluids to normal. Some of the important tips to hydrate your baby when he is severely dehydrated are follows:

  • Rest your child in a cool environment, until the lost fluid has been restored.
  • Instead of feeding every few hours, feed small amounts for every half hour.
  • Dilute juices if your older infant drinks juice.
  • Offer smaller portions of milk more frequently, if your child is bottle feeding.
  • Dress infants in weather – appropriate clothing.
  • Use an Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS), these are specially designed to help hydrate infants to restore water, sugars and salts which are lost due to dehydration.

If you notice no improvement even after treating your child for dehydration at home, consult a pediatric specialist as the child might need to receive intravenous fluids in the hospital.

Does Your Child Have Sleep Disorders?

Does Your Child Have Sleep Disorders?

          It’s tough for any parent to find that their child has a sleep disorder. Before going to know about what a sleep disorder is, know how much sleep do children need. Depending upon their age, the sleeping schedules varies from child to child. Children who are 12 to 18 years old need around 9 hours of sleep, toddlers need 11 to 14 hours and new-born will sleep approximately 16 to 17 hours. Lack of sleep in children may have negative effects on academic performance, extra-curricular activities and social relations.

Children with sleep disorders may exhibit some symptoms such as hyper activity, restlessness and inattentiveness which are more like ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Due to this symptomatic overlap, sleep disorders may often misdiagnosed with ADHD.

Signs of Sleep Disorders in Children:

Children with sleep disorders exhibit some symptoms which are considered to get medical evaluation.

  • Excessive snoring
  • Bed wetting in children older than 6 years.
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Sleep walking
  • Excessive sleepiness during day
  • Decrease in day time performance

Tips to Improve Your Child’s Sleep:

Sleep disorders in children can lead not only to tired and cranky children, but also all kinds of behavioural problems in their social lives. Below are some tips to help to improve your child’s sleep.

  • A fixed bed time and wake-up time helps your child internal clock to get sleepy and feel awake at specific times. The waking time should not vary from weekday to weekend more than one to one and a half hours.
  • Create a relaxing bedroom environment which makes it easy for your child to drift off to sleep and stay asleep.
  • A warm bath before bed time will help child’s body to reach a temperature where it’s most likely to rest.
  • Avoid offering foods and drinks with caffeine to children before bed time.
  • Skip stimulating TV shows, video games or computer games before bed time in favour of more calming activities, because you want the child to relax not to energize.

 

Top Signs of ADHD in Children

Top Signs of ADHD in Children

If you never heard about ADHD and wondering what it is all about, let us now get an idea what does it exactly mean. ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and is a complex mental disorder seen in children which affects them even in their adulthood if it is left untreated.

The three primary characteristics which are exhibited by children with ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive. To understand in detail:

  • Inattention: Children with ADHD may be inattentive but not hyperactive or impulsive. They can concentrate on the activities they enjoy no matter how difficult they are. But they have trouble to focus on the tasks which are boring and repetitive.
  • Hyperactive: While many kids are naturally quite active, children who are hyperactive are always moving. They may try to do many things at once.
  • Impulsive: Children who exhibit impulsive behaviour acts at an instinct without thinking about the results and consequences.

It can be difficult to diagnose children with ADHD. The average age of diagnosis is 7. Just because children exhibiting the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour doesn’t mean they have ADHD. There are many other symptoms such as psychological disorders including depression, anxiety etc.  by which we can determine a child has ADHD.

Common Signs of ADHD:

  • One of the most common sign of children with ADHD is self-focused behaviour. These children have inability to recognize the needs and desires of others. They may interrupt others while they are talking and can’t wait for their turn during activities which involve other children.
  • Children may have outbursts of anger. They might have difficulty in controlling their emotions.
  • Children might show interests in lot of different things but they may have problems in finishing the tasks as they move to some other activities which catches their attention before completing the previous tasks.
  • Lack of focus is another symptom which can be seen in these children. They may have trouble in paying attention. This may lead to careless mistakes but it is not a sign of laziness or lack of intelligence.
Vitamins Which Enhance Kid’s Growth

Vitamins Which Enhance Kid’s Growth

A child’s growth totally depends on his daily nutritional intake. The diet of every child should provide all the essential vitamins to cover all his growth needs. Most of the parents consider increase in height is the only sign of growth. But physical growth actually refers to the increase in height, weight and other body changes that occur as a child matures.

The rate of growth varies from child to child. So, it’s better to have enough patience to see the growth instead of worrying. It is always suggested to provide the vitamins only through diet as there is no replacement from natural nutrients. If your child is a fussy eater, consider some multi-vitamin replacements only after seeking expert’s advice.

List of growth enhancer vitamins:

The complete list of vitamins which aid the growth is mentioned below. These growth enhancer vitamins take every aspect of your child’s growth into consideration. So, if you want to see a healthy growth in your child, make sure he gets all these vitamins through his diet.

  • Vitamin A: Vitamin A is one of the most important vitamins and is vital for bone growth, good vision and immunity which can help to stay away from infections. Whole milk, cheese, carrots, beetroot, spinach are some of the food sources rich in vitamin A.
  • Vitamin B-complex: Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5 and B12 all greatly contribute the needs of a growing child.
    • Vitamin B1: It aids bone growth, improves digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body. Vitamin B1 is found in fish, nuts and pecans.
    • Vitamin B2: It is essential for the all-round growth of the child. It mainly helps in the growth of bones, hair, nails and skin. Vitamin B2 is found in leafy green vegetables.
    • Vitamin B3: It plays an important role in the production of energy and keeps skin, digestive & nervous system healthy and function properly. Peanuts, mushrooms, green peas are some of the best sources of vitamin B3.
    • Vitamin B5: It helps to stimulate the growth hormones and is required in small amounts. Corn, cauliflower, chicken and sweet potatoes are some food sources of vitamin B5.
    • Vitamin B12: It aids the synthesis of folate and carbohydrates which are required for the normal growth & development in kids. Fish, eggs, milk products are rich in vitamin B12.
  • Vitamin C: It helps to help the body heal and recover from wounds. It also protects the child against diseases which can stunt the growth. Citrus fruits and lemon provides ample amounts of vitamin C.
  • Vitamin D: Calcium and vitamin D are like two sides of a coin. Even a diet with required calcium intake doesn’t help for growth without vitamin D. This vitamin helps bones to absorb calcium. The best way to get enough vitamin D is to spend some time in sunlight.