Tag: Best Gynecology Hospital In Hyderabad

What Makes a Pregnancy End in Miscarriage?

What Makes a Pregnancy End in Miscarriage?

Miscarriage or pregnancy loss is the topic a woman never wants to hear when she is pregnant. But, unfortunately most pregnancies end in miscarriage. In general, a miscarriage is defined as spontaneous abortion which is the unexpected end of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. The most common type of miscarriage is the spontaneous pregnancy loss and it cannot be prevented.

Signs of Miscarriage:

          Some women don’t experience any symptoms of miscarriage at all; but the most common and possible signs and symptoms of miscarriage are as follows:

  • Back pain
  • Mild to severe cramps
  • Loss of pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness.
  • Heavy bleeding possibly with clots or tissue; similar to a period.
  • A negative pregnancy test after a positive one.

Causes of Miscarriage:

          Although it is very common that a woman blames herself when she has a miscarriage, it’s so important not to do so. Miscarriage is most commonly caused due to the genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo i.e., the embryo do not develop as it should. The other risk factors which could be a cause of miscarriage are mentioned below:

  • History of recurrent pregnancy loss.
  • Chronic illness such as diabetes or thyroid disease.
  • Advanced maternal age i.e., over 35
  • Deficiencies of vitamin D and Vitamin B and high levels of vitamin A.
  • Excess consumption of alcohol.
  • Physical problems such as cervical inefficiency which means weakness of the cervix that cannot hold the pregnancy.

Unfortunately, it is impossible to stop a miscarriage from happening once it is started; it is crucial to consult a gynecologist and treated to prevent infection.

Factors Leading to High-Risk Pregnancy

Factors Leading to High-Risk Pregnancy

In general, giving birth to a healthy baby is a natural process. A normal pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks; in which a woman goes into labour on or before her due date mentioned by her gynecologist and gives birth to a healthy baby. After one or two days of her delivery, she starts her day-to-day life with her growing family. But this is not the case with all women, some women face challenges before, during or after delivery, what doctors refer to as a high-risk pregnancy.

A high-risk pregnancy is referred to presence of potential complications in a pregnancy which could affect the mother, the baby or both. Women who have high-risk pregnancy, need specialized care to help ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.

Risk Factors for High-Risk Pregnancy:

The factors which place a pregnancy at risk are as follows:

  • Maternal Age: One of the most common risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy is the age of the woman. Women who will be under age 17 and over age 35 are at higher risk. Pregnant teens are more likely to develop high blood pressure and anaemia. The risk of miscarriage and genetic defects further increases after age 40.
  • Medical History: A history of miscarriage or recurrent pregnancy loss and a family history of genetic disorders are also risk factors of high-risk pregnancy. Conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes, lung, heart, thyroid problems can put mother and/or her unborn baby at risk.

It’s important to consult your doctor if you have any of these medical complications before you are planning to get pregnant. This helps you to get advice and precautions to optimize the health of you and your baby.

  • Lifestyle Factors: Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol can put a pregnancy at risk. Smoking during pregnancy puts the fetus at risk for preterm birth and certain birth defects. Even a second-hand smoke can cause serious health problems for woman and her developing fetus. Consuming alcohol during pregnancy passes directly to the fetus through umbilical cord which leads to abnormal facial features, short stature and low body weight.

Pregnancy Complications: Pregnancy risks are high when woman carries more than one baby i.e., twins, triplets, quadruplets etc. Various complications that develop during pregnancy such as problems with uterus, cervix or placenta and too much or low amount of amniotic fluid also increases the risk of pregnancy.

What Every Woman Must Know About Fibroids?

What Every Woman Must Know About Fibroids?

Fibroids!!! The most renowned gynecological problem seen in woman these days. Woman get alarmed by hearing the word “fibroid” when they consult a Gynecologist about their fertility issues or menstrual problems. Most of the woman don’t have right knowledge about what fibroids exactly are. To spread the awareness among woman, here is a brief explanation about fibroids.

Introduction:

Fibroids are non-cancerous tumours made of smooth muscle cells that develop in the woman’s uterus. These have different names such as “Uterine fibroids”, “Leiomyomas” or “Myomas” in Medical terminology. The size of these tumours can range from the size of a bean to as big as a melon.

Causes:

No one has a clear picture about the causes of fibroids. But the main factors which tend to occurrence of fibroids are hormonal and genetic. Following are some of the important factors which cause fibroids:

  • Fibroids can occur mostly during the woman’s reproductive years as the estrogen and progesterone levels are high. During pregnancy, fibroids tend to swell as the estrogen levels are high. While they shrink during the menopause stage because of low estrogen levels.
  • Family history of having fibroids will increase the risk. Women with a family member or close relative with fibroids have a greater risk.
  • Overweight can be one of the main cause of fibroids in women.
  • Some evidences prove that high intake of caffeine, alcohol and having lot of red meat increases your risk of fibroids. While increased intake of green vegetables and fruits might reduce the risk.

Symptoms:

The symptoms can vary from woman to woman. Some woman who have fibroids have no symptoms, or have only mild symptoms, while other women have severe symptoms. Each individual may experience the symptoms differently. But the most common symptoms seen are listed below:

  • Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods which may cause Anaemia.
  • If the fibroids are large, there may be swelling in the lower abdomen.
  • Severe backache
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fertility issues
  • Pregnancy problems
  • Repetitive miscarriages
  • Pelvic pain

Diagnosis:

In most cases, as symptoms are rarely felt, one can’t diagnose fibroids by self-examination. Fibroids can be only diagnosed by going through certain medical examinations such as,

Treatment:

If the woman has no symptoms and the fibroids are not affecting her day-to-day life, she may not receive any treatment at all. Since fibroids grow more as a result of high estrogen levels, some medications are prescribed by Gynecologists to lower the production of estrogen which does not affect fertility.

Depending on the symptoms and size of the fibroids, patient need to undergo surgery. The surgical procedures to treat fibroids are mentioned below:

  • Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is the procedure in which the uterus is removed. It is mostly suggested for the woman who have large fibroids. In some cases, ovaries are also removed along with uterus.
  • Myomectomy: Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove fibroids from the uterus. This procedure is highly suggested to the woman who want to become pregnant.
  • Laparoscopy: Woman who have fibroids in small size and less in number, are suggested to undergo laparoscopy. This procedure is usually reserved for removing one or two fibroids that are growing on the outside of the uterus.
Foods That Affect your Fertility

Foods That Affect your Fertility

Thousands of women are declared perfectly healthy, but they still cannot get pregnant. One of the most common causes for the inability to conceive is ovulatory disorder, a condition with often unknown cause. Scientists found recently that poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle might be one of the main reasons for ovulatory disorder infertility. Female fertility is becoming a serious problem, and improving diet is one of the ways to fight it.

Foods which make you infertile

  1. Food with increased sugar levels are considered to increase the risk of infertility. White rice, french fries, mashed potatoes, rice cakes, donuts, pumpkin and cornflakes are few foods which causes infertility among women.
  2. Caffeine products especially coffee can lead to infertility among women. Consuming more than 300 gms of coffee per day can increase the chances of infertility. It is advised to quit having coffee if a woman is planning to conceive.
  3. Food which is rich in trans fat also affects the fertility of a woman. Fast food, packaged food, frozen and baked foods are rich in trans fat.
  4. Cheese which is not made with pasteurised milk can cause infertility among women. Food which has soft cheese should be avoided if it is not made with pasteurised milk. Listeria (a bacteria) has the capability to cross the placenta and affect the uterus.
  5. Consumption of soda, both diet and those sweetened with fructose, and other sugared drinks were associated with increased risks of infertility.

Foods which help you to conceive

  1. Eat protein from vegetables, not meat. Proteins from peas, beans, soy and nuts are found to improve fertility.
  2. Avoid skim milk while trying to get pregnant, it seems that it has negative effect. Whole milk is much better, so indulge in a glass of whole fat milk, yogurt or ice cream daily.
  3. Iron-rich plants such as beans, spinach, tomatoes, pumpkin, beats and whole grains are all fertility boosters.
  4. Foods rich in fiber, such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits and beans are rich in carbohydrates that are digested slowly, improving fertility, controlling blood glucose and insulin levels.
  5. Eggs are a source of protein, essential fats and choline. Studies have shown choline can benefit fetal development, and can even having a lasting effect on the baby as it grows.
Protect Your Health at Menopause

Protect Your Health at Menopause

Menopause is part of the natural ageing process, as a woman’s oestrogen and progesterone levels decrease. It can be a frustrating, tiring, and even confusing time in any woman’s life. Around the time of menopause, women begin to face higher risks of developing certain health conditions. Some of this risk is related to hormonal changes, but other health threats simply become more common because menopausal women are getting older.

Symptoms vary for each woman, but may include depression, sleep problems, hot flashes, moodiness, irritability and weight gain. Most women do not need treatment of menopausal symptoms. Some women find that their symptoms go away by themselves, and some women just don’t find the symptoms very uncomfortable. But if you are bothered by symptoms, there are many ways to deal with them, including medications and lifestyle changes.

Follow these simple guidelines to deal with menopausal problems:

Maintain a healthy diet

                Maintaining a healthy diet is a great first step to get protected during menopause. Instead of three square meals a day, eat three small meals and three healthy snacks.  Eat a variety of foods to get all the nutrients you need. Since women’s diets are often low in iron and calcium, make sure to get enough calcium, iron and fibre from your food. Avoid spicy foods, alcohol, and caffeine; also meet the daily water requirement to prevent hot flashes.

Get regular physical exercise

                As we all know exercise is a great way to build better health, at the same time it is one of the best stress management techniques. A regular workout not only helps you to avoid menopausal weight gain but also relieves you from stress and relaxes your body. Although 30 minutes at least three times a week is best, even 10 minutes a day can improve a lot of menopause symptoms.

Practice good sleeping habits

                Getting enough good, quality sleep is important for good health in all stages of life. Researches indicate more than half of all women in menopause do not get enough sleep because of problems with hot flashes, depression, anxiety and insomnia. Stick to your normal sleep schedule during menopause or establish one if you haven’t already. Going to bed and getting up at the same time every day is the best way to get good healthy sleep. Do not stay up late and sleep in on the weekends, which can throw your schedule off. A hot bath before going to bed is recommended which is beneficial for several factors.