Tag: best pediatricians in hyderabad

Does Iron Deficiency Make Your Child Anaemic?

Does Iron Deficiency Make Your Child Anaemic?

Most of the parents won’t care much about the blood unless they notice pale skin or pale lining of eyelids in their kids. But it is really important to get the children screened for regular blood tests which help to find any abnormalities at an early stage.

 As blood is the most important fluid in our bodies, abnormalities in the blood may lead to serious illness in children which affects their growth and development. But for now, let us know about a common health issue in children which is related to blood, known as “Anaemia”.

Anaemia is a health issue which results due to the lack of healthy red blood cells in our blood.  The main function of these cells is to carry oxygen to the tissues all through the body and carrying away the metabolic waste such as carbon dioxide. Red blood cells are produced inside the bones, in the bone marrow. The iron in our diet helps to make the red blood cells and the lack of iron lead to anaemia, which is termed as “Iron deficiency anaemia” in medical.

Causes of Anaemia:

                           As the name suggests, iron deficiency anaemia is caused due to the low iron level. Our body gets iron from the diet and the iron from old red blood cells is also reused. Children who don’t get enough iron from their diet are at higher risk to suffer from anaemia.

Symptoms of Anaemia:

The common symptoms of iron deficiency anaemia seen in children are listed below:

  • Pale skin, especially palms, nails and lining of eyelids.
  • Poor appetite
  • Tiredness and weakness
  • Become short of breath
  • Irritability
  • Sore tongue
  • Brittle nails

Treatment for Anaemia:

                           Taking healthy diet is the most important way to prevent and treat iron deficiency. Including iron rich foods in children’s diet may help them to recover from anaemia. A list of foods which are a good source of iron is mentioned below:

  • Fortified breakfast cereals
  • Eggs
  • Dark green leafy vegetables
  • Apricots
  • Raisins
  • Prunes
  • Peanut butter
  • Oatmeal

If your child is suffering from anaemia even after having a healthy diet, he/she might be prescribed for iron supplements by a pediatrician. It is suggested not to give your child iron supplements on your own without doctor’s advice. Always remember that the sufficient amount of iron is good for overall health and growth of the child, but too much of iron can cause poisoning.

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Do’s & Don’ts of Introducing Solids to Your Baby

Do’s & Don’ts of Introducing Solids to Your Baby

Most of the moms are confused while introducing babies to their first foods. One of the things that concern most mothers is how to properly feed their children right from the time of introducing solids. Introduction of solids to babies is also called as complementary feeding, as it is mandatory to feed them with breast milk or formula feed which should be the primary source of food till they are one year old. The solids must be an additional source of nutrients.

Feeding an infant shouldn’t be a stressful situation. To help out the new mothers, here are some do’s and don’ts while feeding their babies

DO’s:

  • Do check with your pediatrician before starting solids to your baby.
  • Look for the physical signs such as sitting up with limited support, have good neck strength and ability to chew the food.
  • Introduce one food at a time in small quantity i.e. about one to two teaspoons and gradually increase the quantity over time.
  • When solids are introduced before your baby turns 6 months, make sure they are pureed. Later introduce different kinds of textures such as minced, mashed or shredded food which helps the baby in transitioning to eat regular food.
  • Make sure to provide necessary nutrition for your baby to aid healthy growth.

DON’TS:

  • Don’t introduce two new foods at a time; maintain a gap of three to four days between introduction of each food. By following this tip it is easier to figure out any possible reactions like diarrhea, vomiting or rashes.
  • Don’t stop breast-feeding or formula-feeding just because you are working on the introduction of solids. Breast milk or formula feed must be a main source of nutrition and calories.
  • Don’t add honey, salt or sugar into the baby food just to make your baby like that food.
  • If your baby doesn’t show interest or rejects while being introduced to a new food, don’t force them to eat. Try again and again by maintaining a gap of few days.
  • Don’t distract your baby during the mealtime. Turn off the TV or music, and keep away the toys while feeding.

It is very important to be patient while feeding your baby. Don’t get frustrated when your baby does not accept the food you have introduced to him. Remember that the every food you are introducing to your baby has never crossed his lips before and he has to get used for its new texture and flavour.

Is Your Baby Dehydrated?

Is Your Baby Dehydrated?

Babies’ tummies are tiny and can reserve less fluids in their bodies when compared to elder children and adults. Till 6 months, babies get all the fluids they need through their regular feedings by breast milk or formula. But if they are exposed to high temperatures or loses fluids through fever, vomiting, diarrhea or sweating, they quickly become dehydrated.

Once babies are introduced to solid foods, small amounts of liquids will start to come from other sources such as juices, fruits, vegetables and sips of water. As the amount of breast milk intake decreases, make sure to keep your baby hydrated by giving plenty of fluids.

Signs of Dehydration:

          If your baby has fever, diarrhea, or vomiting, you should watch carefully for the signs of dehydration which include:

  • Dry skin
  • Cracked lips
  • Few or no tears while crying
  • Sunken eyes
  • Less urinary output

How to Treat Dehydration in Babies:

        Treating dehydration is to replace fluids to restore levels of body fluids to normal. Some of the important tips to hydrate your baby when he is severely dehydrated are follows:

  • Rest your child in a cool environment, until the lost fluid has been restored.
  • Instead of feeding every few hours, feed small amounts for every half hour.
  • Dilute juices if your older infant drinks juice.
  • Offer smaller portions of milk more frequently, if your child is bottle feeding.
  • Dress infants in weather – appropriate clothing.
  • Use an Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS), these are specially designed to help hydrate infants to restore water, sugars and salts which are lost due to dehydration.

If you notice no improvement even after treating your child for dehydration at home, consult a pediatric specialist as the child might need to receive intravenous fluids in the hospital.

Does Your Child Have Sleep Disorders?

Does Your Child Have Sleep Disorders?

          It’s tough for any parent to find that their child has a sleep disorder. Before going to know about what a sleep disorder is, know how much sleep do children need. Depending upon their age, the sleeping schedules varies from child to child. Children who are 12 to 18 years old need around 9 hours of sleep, toddlers need 11 to 14 hours and new-born will sleep approximately 16 to 17 hours. Lack of sleep in children may have negative effects on academic performance, extra-curricular activities and social relations.

Children with sleep disorders may exhibit some symptoms such as hyper activity, restlessness and inattentiveness which are more like ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Due to this symptomatic overlap, sleep disorders may often misdiagnosed with ADHD.

Signs of Sleep Disorders in Children:

Children with sleep disorders exhibit some symptoms which are considered to get medical evaluation.

  • Excessive snoring
  • Bed wetting in children older than 6 years.
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Sleep walking
  • Excessive sleepiness during day
  • Decrease in day time performance

Tips to Improve Your Child’s Sleep:

Sleep disorders in children can lead not only to tired and cranky children, but also all kinds of behavioural problems in their social lives. Below are some tips to help to improve your child’s sleep.

  • A fixed bed time and wake-up time helps your child internal clock to get sleepy and feel awake at specific times. The waking time should not vary from weekday to weekend more than one to one and a half hours.
  • Create a relaxing bedroom environment which makes it easy for your child to drift off to sleep and stay asleep.
  • A warm bath before bed time will help child’s body to reach a temperature where it’s most likely to rest.
  • Avoid offering foods and drinks with caffeine to children before bed time.
  • Skip stimulating TV shows, video games or computer games before bed time in favour of more calming activities, because you want the child to relax not to energize.

 

Top Signs of ADHD in Children

Top Signs of ADHD in Children

If you never heard about ADHD and wondering what it is all about, let us now get an idea what does it exactly mean. ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and is a complex mental disorder seen in children which affects them even in their adulthood if it is left untreated.

The three primary characteristics which are exhibited by children with ADHD are inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive. To understand in detail:

  • Inattention: Children with ADHD may be inattentive but not hyperactive or impulsive. They can concentrate on the activities they enjoy no matter how difficult they are. But they have trouble to focus on the tasks which are boring and repetitive.
  • Hyperactive: While many kids are naturally quite active, children who are hyperactive are always moving. They may try to do many things at once.
  • Impulsive: Children who exhibit impulsive behaviour acts at an instinct without thinking about the results and consequences.

It can be difficult to diagnose children with ADHD. The average age of diagnosis is 7. Just because children exhibiting the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsive behaviour doesn’t mean they have ADHD. There are many other symptoms such as psychological disorders including depression, anxiety etc.  by which we can determine a child has ADHD.

Common Signs of ADHD:

  • One of the most common sign of children with ADHD is self-focused behaviour. These children have inability to recognize the needs and desires of others. They may interrupt others while they are talking and can’t wait for their turn during activities which involve other children.
  • Children may have outbursts of anger. They might have difficulty in controlling their emotions.
  • Children might show interests in lot of different things but they may have problems in finishing the tasks as they move to some other activities which catches their attention before completing the previous tasks.
  • Lack of focus is another symptom which can be seen in these children. They may have trouble in paying attention. This may lead to careless mistakes but it is not a sign of laziness or lack of intelligence.
Vitamins Which Enhance Kid’s Growth

Vitamins Which Enhance Kid’s Growth

A child’s growth totally depends on his daily nutritional intake. The diet of every child should provide all the essential vitamins to cover all his growth needs. Most of the parents consider increase in height is the only sign of growth. But physical growth actually refers to the increase in height, weight and other body changes that occur as a child matures.

The rate of growth varies from child to child. So, it’s better to have enough patience to see the growth instead of worrying. It is always suggested to provide the vitamins only through diet as there is no replacement from natural nutrients. If your child is a fussy eater, consider some multi-vitamin replacements only after seeking expert’s advice.

List of growth enhancer vitamins:

The complete list of vitamins which aid the growth is mentioned below. These growth enhancer vitamins take every aspect of your child’s growth into consideration. So, if you want to see a healthy growth in your child, make sure he gets all these vitamins through his diet.

  • Vitamin A: Vitamin A is one of the most important vitamins and is vital for bone growth, good vision and immunity which can help to stay away from infections. Whole milk, cheese, carrots, beetroot, spinach are some of the food sources rich in vitamin A.
  • Vitamin B-complex: Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5 and B12 all greatly contribute the needs of a growing child.
    • Vitamin B1: It aids bone growth, improves digestion and absorption of nutrients into the body. Vitamin B1 is found in fish, nuts and pecans.
    • Vitamin B2: It is essential for the all-round growth of the child. It mainly helps in the growth of bones, hair, nails and skin. Vitamin B2 is found in leafy green vegetables.
    • Vitamin B3: It plays an important role in the production of energy and keeps skin, digestive & nervous system healthy and function properly. Peanuts, mushrooms, green peas are some of the best sources of vitamin B3.
    • Vitamin B5: It helps to stimulate the growth hormones and is required in small amounts. Corn, cauliflower, chicken and sweet potatoes are some food sources of vitamin B5.
    • Vitamin B12: It aids the synthesis of folate and carbohydrates which are required for the normal growth & development in kids. Fish, eggs, milk products are rich in vitamin B12.
  • Vitamin C: It helps to help the body heal and recover from wounds. It also protects the child against diseases which can stunt the growth. Citrus fruits and lemon provides ample amounts of vitamin C.
  • Vitamin D: Calcium and vitamin D are like two sides of a coin. Even a diet with required calcium intake doesn’t help for growth without vitamin D. This vitamin helps bones to absorb calcium. The best way to get enough vitamin D is to spend some time in sunlight.
Impact of Parental Care on Child’s Development

Impact of Parental Care on Child’s Development

As lack of nutrition results in the impaired physical growth, in the same way lack of parental care has great negative influence on child’s brain development. Though brain continues to develop throughout the lifespan, most of the physical growth and brain development happens in the early years of childhood.

A child’s attachment is an ongoing bond that exists between the parent and child. Parents who are inattentive fails to establish a secure attachment with their kids. Neglected children may exhibit depression and delays in language, physical, cognitive and social development. Children who get consistent love and care from their parents will have an amazing developmental journey in their life. These children acquire skills that maximise their life potential. Kids who gets right parental care will feel protected and reaches their developmental milestones.

Building a good relation isn’t a difficult task, it needs some time and expressing your love. Here are some tips which teach you how to bond with your kids.

Tips to connect with your child:

  1. Show your child love in the form of hugs and praises to encourage them.
  2. Cheer them when they complete any tasks such as completing their home works, sharing toys with their peers etc.
  3. Show some interest and invest your time by participating with them in games and finishing their school projects.
  4. A simple way to get connected with your kids is eating together.
  5. Be a good listener and never interrupt your child’s conversation to let him know that you are interested in his activities.
  6. Share your feelings with your kids and encourage them to express their feelings too. Accepting their feelings, without minimising or making fun also increases the chances to share more with you as they grow.
How To Help Your Teething Baby

How To Help Your Teething Baby

 Teething is the process by which an infant’s first teeth often called “baby teeth” or “milk teeth” sequentially appear by emerging through the gums, typically arriving in pairs. Most babies get their first tooth at around 6 months, but your child’s teeth may appear as early as 3 months or as late as 14, depending on such factors as when Mom and Dad started sprouting teeth.

It can be a frustrating time for many parents, as babies and children can become unsettled when they teethe. Children experience teething differently – from when teeth emerge to the types of symptoms they have and how much pain they feel. Here’s how to spot the signs that your baby is teething, so you can offer remedies to treat the discomfort.

Symptoms of teething:

Symptoms of teething often occur a few days (or even weeks) before the tooth comes through the gum. Common symptoms and signs include:

  •  Drooling
  •  Irritability
  •  A tooth visible below the gum
  •  Swollen, bulging gums
  •  Trying to bite, chew, and suck on everything she can get her hands on
  •  Ear pulling, cheek rubbing
  •  Difficulty sleeping
  •  Refusal to feed

Natural remedies to soothe baby’s sore gums:

If you’re looking for safe ways to soothe your baby’s sore mouth, read on for natural ways to get the smile back.

  • Cold is a very popular, and simple, remedy for teething pain. Chilled fruits cut into small cubes can help your little one to get relief from tooth ache and soothes her sore gums.
  • Teething babies love to feel pressure on their gums because it helps distract their brain from the sensation of teething pain. A clean adult finger, placed gently on a baby’s gum or doing massage, can be enough to ease the pain.
  • Try to distract a fussy, teething baby by playing. You can often soothe your child simply by getting her mind off the pain. Give her more one-on-one time or offer her a new toy.
  • Try a refrigerated teether. Don’t store the teether in the freezer because when frozen it can get hard enough to damage a baby’s gums.
Foods That Affect your Fertility

Foods That Affect your Fertility

Thousands of women are declared perfectly healthy, but they still cannot get pregnant. One of the most common causes for the inability to conceive is ovulatory disorder, a condition with often unknown cause. Scientists found recently that poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle might be one of the main reasons for ovulatory disorder infertility. Female fertility is becoming a serious problem, and improving diet is one of the ways to fight it.

Foods which make you infertile

  1. Food with increased sugar levels are considered to increase the risk of infertility. White rice, french fries, mashed potatoes, rice cakes, donuts, pumpkin and cornflakes are few foods which causes infertility among women.
  2. Caffeine products especially coffee can lead to infertility among women. Consuming more than 300 gms of coffee per day can increase the chances of infertility. It is advised to quit having coffee if a woman is planning to conceive.
  3. Food which is rich in trans fat also affects the fertility of a woman. Fast food, packaged food, frozen and baked foods are rich in trans fat.
  4. Cheese which is not made with pasteurised milk can cause infertility among women. Food which has soft cheese should be avoided if it is not made with pasteurised milk. Listeria (a bacteria) has the capability to cross the placenta and affect the uterus.
  5. Consumption of soda, both diet and those sweetened with fructose, and other sugared drinks were associated with increased risks of infertility.

Foods which help you to conceive

  1. Eat protein from vegetables, not meat. Proteins from peas, beans, soy and nuts are found to improve fertility.
  2. Avoid skim milk while trying to get pregnant, it seems that it has negative effect. Whole milk is much better, so indulge in a glass of whole fat milk, yogurt or ice cream daily.
  3. Iron-rich plants such as beans, spinach, tomatoes, pumpkin, beats and whole grains are all fertility boosters.
  4. Foods rich in fiber, such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits and beans are rich in carbohydrates that are digested slowly, improving fertility, controlling blood glucose and insulin levels.
  5. Eggs are a source of protein, essential fats and choline. Studies have shown choline can benefit fetal development, and can even having a lasting effect on the baby as it grows.
Boost Your Toddler’s Immune System

Boost Your Toddler’s Immune System

Parents understand that protecting children from becoming sick is an almost-impossible task. It is important for parents to know how to increase immunity in child. While we can’t prevent our children from falling ill, we can make sure that they remain healthy and free from serious ailments. Immunisation is a popular and effective method to protect children from illnesses and help them to lead healthy lives. However, vaccinations are not the only option. But there are healthy habits you can adopt that will give your child’s immune system a boost.

Listed below are top ways to increase immunity in child. See which one works best for you.

Create a healthy home environment

          Small children breathe at a faster rate and inhale more of the toxins than an adult, so even limited exposure to secondhand smoke can be more harmful than for adults.  The smoke released from the cigarette kills and irritates important cells in our body.  So make sure that smoking is done outside the house and away from the child.

A lot of pollution can seep into your house from the windows and doors. Also, there is a lot of toxic air surrounding us. You should also watch out for pests in the garden. All of these can affect the immune system more or less.

Ensure the toddler gets adequate sleep

Toddlers need 12 to 13 hours of sleep per day. Sleep is necessary for a healthy immune system.  Parents should set a certain time of napping for their child; make sure young children sleep for at least around 8 hours. If your child can’t or won’t take naps during the day, try to put her to bed earlier. Discuss sleeping problems with your paediatrician if your toddler has trouble sleeping.

Schedule time for exercise

          Exercise can help increase a person’s number of natural killer cells and is an important part of overall good health.  Any outdoor game with the family before dinner is a great way to pump children up before they eat as well as a chance to spend some quality family time together.

Establish good hygiene habits

           Good hygiene does not promise to boost immunity, but it’s a great way to reduce stress on your child’s immune system. Be a role model for your child and pay attention especially after they have played outside or come home after school. To help kids get into the hand-washing habit at home, let them pick out their own brightly coloured hand towels and soap in fun shapes, colours, and scents.

Serve more fruits and vegetables

          Include carrots, beans, oranges, strawberries, yogurt and walnuts in your child’s diet; these are great for boosting a child’s immune system and they also provide plenty of vitamins. These fruits and vegetables increase the number of white blood cells and provide a sort of cell coating which acts as a barrier against viruses. If your children aren’t one for fruits and veggies, then whip up some fruit smoothies or vegetable pies for them to eat.