Amenorrhea is menstrual disorder which is referred as the absence or infrequent menstruation. A woman who misses at least three menstrual periods consequently is said to suffer from amenorrhea. As the menstruation ceases during pregnancy and while breastfeeding in some women, amenorrhea is healthy and natural part of life. But if a woman suffers from amenorrhea in the absence of pregnancy, it is not healthy and can indicate a serious health condition which should be treated immediately to regulate the menstrual cycle.
Symptoms of amenorrhea:
Though absence of menstrual periods is the main symptom of amenorrhea, but depending on the cause of amenorrhea, the possible symptoms may include:
- Hair loss
- Excess facial hair
- Pelvic pain
- Vision changes
Causes of amenorrhea:
Amenorrhea can be caused for a wide variety of reasons. The natural causes of this condition are pregnancy, breastfeeding and menopause. But the other reasons for the cause of amenorrhea might be the side effect of some medications or an indication of medical problem. Some of the causes of amenorrhea are listed below:
- Use of contraceptive pills
- Medications taken for conditions such as allergies, blood pressure, depression.
- Lifestyle factors which include excessive exercise, low body weight and increased mental stress can be a cause of amenorrhea.
- Some of the medical problems which can be a result of hormonal imbalance such as PCOD, thyroid malfunction, and premature menopause can disturb the menstrual cycle and lead to amenorrhea.
A woman with regular menstrual cycle is believed to have good Gynec health. Though many women don’t mind missing their menstrual period, it is very important to discuss about the abnormalities that occur in their menstrual cycles with their gynaecologists. If you find any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is time to get treated by an expert gynecologist.
Hormones have great impact on women’s health. The women’s reproductive health is influenced mainly by two well know female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. In women, female hormones are important components of reproduction, sexuality, overall health and well-being.
Because female hormones play a major role in women’s bodies, women feel their hormones are controlling them. When the level of hormones fluctuates, it can have effect on woman’s ovulation, mood and fertility as well. So, hormonal imbalance has adverse effect on the functioning of woman’s reproductive system. Following are some of the common signs and symptoms of hormonal imbalance that most of the woman experience in their day-to-day life.
- Irregular Sleep Patterns: One of the most common side effects of hormonal imbalance is lack of sleep. In women, low progesterone levels lead to poor night’s sleep.
- Excessive Sweating: Women experience night sweats or hot flashes due to the reproductive hormonal imbalance often caused by menopause and excessive use of birth control medications.
- Unexplained Weight gain or Loss: Hormones play an important role in regulating metabolism including how many calories are burnt or store them as fat. So, when the hormones are out of balance, unexplained fluctuations in weight are noticed.
- Chronic Fatigue: Hormonal imbalance often makes a body feel completely exhausted on daily basis. Due to unbalanced hormonal levels, body has to work overtime just to perform basic functions.
- Cravings and Poor Digestion: While increased cravings for specific types of food are because of nutrient deficiency, but cravings for salty, sweet foods and feelings of intense hunger when your body doesn’t need to eat are due to hormonal imbalance.
As already stated, hormones play important role in regulating metabolism, hormonal imbalance can cause discomforts of bloating, indigestion, diarrhea, nausea and constipation.
If one or more of above signs describes you, it’s time to balance your hormones as ignoring these symptoms may worsen your reproductive health.
Miscarriage or pregnancy loss is the topic a woman never wants to hear when she is pregnant. But, unfortunately most pregnancies end in miscarriage. In general, a miscarriage is defined as spontaneous abortion which is the unexpected end of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. The most common type of miscarriage is the spontaneous pregnancy loss and it cannot be prevented.
Signs of Miscarriage:
Some women don’t experience any symptoms of miscarriage at all; but the most common and possible signs and symptoms of miscarriage are as follows:
- Back pain
- Mild to severe cramps
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness.
- Heavy bleeding possibly with clots or tissue; similar to a period.
- A negative pregnancy test after a positive one.
Causes of Miscarriage:
Although it is very common that a woman blames herself when she has a miscarriage, it’s so important not to do so. Miscarriage is most commonly caused due to the genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo i.e., the embryo do not develop as it should. The other risk factors which could be a cause of miscarriage are mentioned below:
- History of recurrent pregnancy loss.
- Chronic illness such as diabetes or thyroid disease.
- Advanced maternal age i.e., over 35
- Deficiencies of vitamin D and Vitamin B and high levels of vitamin A.
- Excess consumption of alcohol.
- Physical problems such as cervical inefficiency which means weakness of the cervix that cannot hold the pregnancy.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to stop a miscarriage from happening once it is started; it is crucial to consult a gynecologist and treated to prevent infection.