Pelvic pain is one among the health issues which cannot be discussed openly by women. They can bear the pain with great patience but aren’t ready to complaint about it. The pelvic pain can begin suddenly or be steady and it can be mild or severe. If it is bothering you very often which disturbs your daily activities, it is time to evaluate about the cause and treat immediately.
The pelvis is the lowest part of a woman’s abdomen. Organs in the pelvis include bowel, bladder, womb and ovaries. Pelvic pain generally means pain that starts from one of these organs. In some cases the pain comes from pelvic bones that lie next to these organs, or from nearby muscles, nerves, blood vessels or joints.
Depending on the source, pelvic pain can be best described as
- Beginning suddenly
- Different from usual menstrual cramps
- Dull or achy
- Itching or burning around genitals, buttocks or inner thighs
- Sharp or crampy
- It can be mild or moderate or severe.
Pelvic pain can sometimes radiate to your lower back, buttocks or thighs. In some cases, women might suffer from pelvic pain only at certain times such as when they urinate or during sexual activity.
Causes of Pelvic Pain:
Pelvic pain can be acute or chronic. Acute means that it is the first time you have had this type of pain. Chronic means that pain has been a problem for a long time i.e. more than six months. Some of the important causes of pelvic pain include:
- Menstrual cramps
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Ovarian cancer
- Ovarian cysts
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
- Uterine fibroids
Treatment for Pelvic Pain:
The goal of treatment is to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. The treatment for pelvic pain is based on the cause behind it. If the cause of pelvic pain is not identified, treatment will focus on managing the pain and other symptoms. The optimal approach involves a combination of treatments, which may include:
Prenatal care is the health care a woman gets when she is pregnant. Women who suspect they may be pregnant should schedule a visit to their doctor to begin prenatal care. During prenatal care, your doctor may schedule many checkups over the course of your pregnancy. It is advised not to skip any of the checkups during your prenatal care.
What happens during prenatal visits?
During the first prenatal visit, a pregnant woman can expect her doctor to:
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Miscarriage or pregnancy loss is the topic a woman never wants to hear when she is pregnant. But, unfortunately most pregnancies end in miscarriage. In general, a miscarriage is defined as spontaneous abortion which is the unexpected end of pregnancy in the first 20 weeks. The most common type of miscarriage is the spontaneous pregnancy loss and it cannot be prevented.
Signs of Miscarriage:
Some women don’t experience any symptoms of miscarriage at all; but the most common and possible signs and symptoms of miscarriage are as follows:
- Back pain
- Mild to severe cramps
- Loss of pregnancy symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness.
- Heavy bleeding possibly with clots or tissue; similar to a period.
- A negative pregnancy test after a positive one.
Causes of Miscarriage:
Although it is very common that a woman blames herself when she has a miscarriage, it’s so important not to do so. Miscarriage is most commonly caused due to the genetic or chromosomal abnormalities in the embryo i.e., the embryo do not develop as it should. The other risk factors which could be a cause of miscarriage are mentioned below:
- History of recurrent pregnancy loss.
- Chronic illness such as diabetes or thyroid disease.
- Advanced maternal age i.e., over 35
- Deficiencies of vitamin D and Vitamin B and high levels of vitamin A.
- Excess consumption of alcohol.
- Physical problems such as cervical inefficiency which means weakness of the cervix that cannot hold the pregnancy.
Unfortunately, it is impossible to stop a miscarriage from happening once it is started; it is crucial to consult a gynecologist and treated to prevent infection.
In general, giving birth to a healthy baby is a natural process. A normal pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks; in which a woman goes into labour on or before her due date mentioned by her gynecologist and gives birth to a healthy baby. After one or two days of her delivery, she starts her day-to-day life with her growing family. But this is not the case with all women, some women face challenges before, during or after delivery, what doctors refer to as a high-risk pregnancy.
A high-risk pregnancy is referred to presence of potential complications in a pregnancy which could affect the mother, the baby or both. Women who have high-risk pregnancy, need specialized care to help ensure the best outcome for the mother and baby.
Risk Factors for High-Risk Pregnancy:
The factors which place a pregnancy at risk are as follows:
- Maternal Age: One of the most common risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy is the age of the woman. Women who will be under age 17 and over age 35 are at higher risk. Pregnant teens are more likely to develop high blood pressure and anaemia. The risk of miscarriage and genetic defects further increases after age 40.
- Medical History: A history of miscarriage or recurrent pregnancy loss and a family history of genetic disorders are also risk factors of high-risk pregnancy. Conditions such as kidney disease, diabetes, lung, heart, thyroid problems can put mother and/or her unborn baby at risk.
It’s important to consult your doctor if you have any of these medical complications before you are planning to get pregnant. This helps you to get advice and precautions to optimize the health of you and your baby.
- Lifestyle Factors: Smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol can put a pregnancy at risk. Smoking during pregnancy puts the fetus at risk for preterm birth and certain birth defects. Even a second-hand smoke can cause serious health problems for woman and her developing fetus. Consuming alcohol during pregnancy passes directly to the fetus through umbilical cord which leads to abnormal facial features, short stature and low body weight.
Pregnancy Complications: Pregnancy risks are high when woman carries more than one baby i.e., twins, triplets, quadruplets etc. Various complications that develop during pregnancy such as problems with uterus, cervix or placenta and too much or low amount of amniotic fluid also increases the risk of pregnancy.
During the first trimester of pregnancy, a woman’s body experiences many changes. The most common complaint heard from 90 percent of pregnancies is vomiting, also known as “morning sickness”. This is a normal part of the pregnancy but it is mainly caused due to the rapid hormonal changes. When a woman is pregnant, due to high estrogen production and hormonal activities triggers nausea and vomiting.
Some of the tips and home remedies to minimize morning sickness or vomiting and nausea are listed below:
- Vitamin B6: Vitamin B6 is found to help in relieving morning sickness in pregnant woman and it doesn’t harm the fetus. Foods which are high in Vitamin B6 are brown rice, corn, nuts, fish and bananas.
- Mint Leaves: The menthol properties present in mint leaves, helps to soothe the inner part of the stomach. Chewing some fresh mint leaves to drink its juice avoids vomiting sensation.
- Lemon: Lemon juice is also a very good remedy to deal with vomiting during pregnancy. Smell fresh lemon peels to ease nausea and vomiting symptoms or squeeze a fresh lemon into a glass of water with some honey added to it, drink this every day in the morning to prevent morning sickness.
- Carom seeds: Chewing one teaspoon of carom seeds in the morning, helps pregnant woman for better digestion and to deal with vomiting. Consuming too much of carom seeds will increase the heat level of body, so make sure to have them in right quantity.
- Ginger: Ginger can be used to treat all types of nausea and is safe for pregnant woman. Using fresh ginger in your drinks such as tea and fresh grated ginger in your food can help to get relief from nausea.
- Eating patterns:
- Take several small meals throughout the day, instead of having large meals.
- Don’t eat fried, spicy foods and avoid foods with strong odours that bother you.
- Avoid having empty stomach. Sip on some fluids such as clear fruit juices or water and snack regularly between meals.
- Take foods which are easily digestible, low in fat and high in carbohydrates or protein.
- Regular Walks: Walking and light exercises are very helpful during pregnancy, unless your doctor says no to it. Walking is a perfect remedy to reduce vomiting as it is a safe exercise and aids digestion. Sitting in one position for a long-time trigger vomiting, so it is better to walk a little after your meals for faster and better digestion.
Seek medical help if you are suffering from severe and constant vomiting, as this may lead to dehydration if left untreated.
Thousands of women are declared perfectly healthy, but they still cannot get pregnant. One of the most common causes for the inability to conceive is ovulatory disorder, a condition with often unknown cause. Scientists found recently that poor diet and unhealthy lifestyle might be one of the main reasons for ovulatory disorder infertility. Female fertility is becoming a serious problem, and improving diet is one of the ways to fight it.
Foods which make you infertile
- Food with increased sugar levels are considered to increase the risk of infertility. White rice, french fries, mashed potatoes, rice cakes, donuts, pumpkin and cornflakes are few foods which causes infertility among women.
- Caffeine products especially coffee can lead to infertility among women. Consuming more than 300 gms of coffee per day can increase the chances of infertility. It is advised to quit having coffee if a woman is planning to conceive.
- Food which is rich in trans fat also affects the fertility of a woman. Fast food, packaged food, frozen and baked foods are rich in trans fat.
- Cheese which is not made with pasteurised milk can cause infertility among women. Food which has soft cheese should be avoided if it is not made with pasteurised milk. Listeria (a bacteria) has the capability to cross the placenta and affect the uterus.
- Consumption of soda, both diet and those sweetened with fructose, and other sugared drinks were associated with increased risks of infertility.
Foods which help you to conceive
- Eat protein from vegetables, not meat. Proteins from peas, beans, soy and nuts are found to improve fertility.
- Avoid skim milk while trying to get pregnant, it seems that it has negative effect. Whole milk is much better, so indulge in a glass of whole fat milk, yogurt or ice cream daily.
- Iron-rich plants such as beans, spinach, tomatoes, pumpkin, beats and whole grains are all fertility boosters.
- Foods rich in fiber, such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits and beans are rich in carbohydrates that are digested slowly, improving fertility, controlling blood glucose and insulin levels.
- Eggs are a source of protein, essential fats and choline. Studies have shown choline can benefit fetal development, and can even having a lasting effect on the baby as it grows.