Every school going kid gets excited thinking about their summer vacation and they wish their holidays to be filled with a lot of fun. The hot and humid climate during summer increases the chance of suffering one or the other heat-related health issues, especially in kids. And one of the most common, irritating heat-related conditions is heat rashes; often known as prickly heat. Though heat rash is common in all age groups, it is mostly seen in kids.
To know how to avoid heat rash and treat if they occur,
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Most of the moms are confused while introducing babies to their first foods. One of the things that concern most mothers is how to properly feed their children right from the time of introducing solids. Introduction of solids to babies is also called as complementary feeding, as it is mandatory to feed them with breast milk or formula feed which should be the primary source of food till they are one year old. The solids must be an additional source of nutrients.
Feeding an infant shouldn’t be a stressful situation. To help out the new mothers, here are some do’s and don’ts while feeding their babies
- Do check with your pediatrician before starting solids to your baby.
- Look for the physical signs such as sitting up with limited support, have good neck strength and ability to chew the food.
- Introduce one food at a time in small quantity i.e. about one to two teaspoons and gradually increase the quantity over time.
- When solids are introduced before your baby turns 6 months, make sure they are pureed. Later introduce different kinds of textures such as minced, mashed or shredded food which helps the baby in transitioning to eat regular food.
- Make sure to provide necessary nutrition for your baby to aid healthy growth.
- Don’t introduce two new foods at a time; maintain a gap of three to four days between introduction of each food. By following this tip it is easier to figure out any possible reactions like diarrhea, vomiting or rashes.
- Don’t stop breast-feeding or formula-feeding just because you are working on the introduction of solids. Breast milk or formula feed must be a main source of nutrition and calories.
- Don’t add honey, salt or sugar into the baby food just to make your baby like that food.
- If your baby doesn’t show interest or rejects while being introduced to a new food, don’t force them to eat. Try again and again by maintaining a gap of few days.
- Don’t distract your baby during the mealtime. Turn off the TV or music, and keep away the toys while feeding.
It is very important to be patient while feeding your baby. Don’t get frustrated when your baby does not accept the food you have introduced to him. Remember that the every food you are introducing to your baby has never crossed his lips before and he has to get used for its new texture and flavour.
Most of us think that headaches are just an adult problem, but they are very common in children and teens. The types of headaches in children are same as adults do. Main reason behind the headaches in children is because of an illness, infection, fever, or cold. But other triggers include stress, anxiety, depression, change in sleep patterns, loud noises and some foods.
Types of Headaches:
Based on the reasons of their occurrence, headaches are of many types. The severity of headaches can range from mild to severe and affects people in different ways.
Some types of headache which are most common include:
- Tension: These headaches are caused by the contracting of muscles around head and neck. The main cause of this type of headache is stress at school or home, arguments with parents or friends and depression.
- Migraine: Migraine can make people dizzy. Often, migraine headaches are associated with nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances.
- Psychogenic: These types of headaches are less common and similar to tension headaches. The main cause is an emotional problem such as depression. Signs of depression include low energy levels, loss of appetite or overeating, difficulty in thinking and concentrating and sleep disorders.
How Headaches Are Diagnosed In Children & Adolescents:
It is very important to note the symptoms and characteristics as completely as possible so the headaches can be properly diagnosed and treated successfully. The important points which need to be noted are as follows:
- When the headache started and how long it lasted.
- How often the headache occurs.
- The range of severity (mild to very severe.)
- Cause of the headache such as certain situations, foods, medications or some physical activities.
- Anything that helped it to go away.
- Family history.
- Where the pain is located.
Treatment of Headaches:
The proper treatment will depend on several factors such as type and frequency of headache, its cause and age of the children. Some of the tips by which a child can get relief from headache are as follows:
- Applying a cold compressor to head.
- Don’t skip meals, especially breakfast.
- Seek rest in cool, quiet and comfortable location.
- Avoiding activities which trigger headaches.
- Practicing deep breathing exercises.
The above are the ways which can be tried at home for temporary relief from headaches, but can’t help always if the frequency and severity is high.